4 Bellwoods Avenue
Toronto ON M6J 2P4
March 15, 2021
Bishop Milan Lach, SJ
The Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Parma
5000 Rockside Road, Suite 310
Independence, Ohio 44131
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Glory to Jesus Christ! Glory Forever!
RE: Decree of Merger of the Cathedral Parish of St John the Baptist, St Mary Parish, and
Holy Spirit Parish (Prot. N. 22/2021 L)
I have been retained by a group of parishioners who find themselves aggrieved by the decree
of merger of the parishes of Holy Spirit, St Mary (Dormition), and the Cathedral Parish of St
John the Baptist. The signed mandate forms of these individuals designating me as their
procurator are appended to this letter in line with canons 1003 and 1139 of the Code of Canons
of the Eastern Churches.
This decree, signed on the evening of March 5, 2021, defined legal notice as publication on the
eparchial website, this occurred on March 8, 2021. As we are within the time allotted for
administrative recourse (c. 999, §1), total revocation of the decree is hereby sought.
Additionally, by means of this letter suspensive force of this decree’s execution is also
The following reasons for revocation are identified:
1. Ecclesiastical Goods of St John the Baptist Parish in an Extinctive Union
The decree indicates that the “temporal goods as well as the obligations of the Cathedral Parish
of St. John the Baptist are to be divided in a just and equitable manner between the Dormition
of the Mother of God Parish and the Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Parma for the Ruthenians.”
However, as the cathedral parish is being aggregated by means of an extinctive union into the
juridic person of the parish of the Dormition of the Mother of God (St Mary’s), the temporal
goods of the parish in no way proceed to the superior juridic person (i.e. the Eparchy), and
proceed with the parish to the new juridic person. This is a firm principle reflecting the need
to always respect the will of the donors who intended these goods to be used for the purpose
of the Cathedral parish (c. 922, §2, 5° ). The norms of canon law are clear that when parishes
are merged, the assets and proceeds pass from the parish a qua to the new parish ad quam.
They do not pass to the eparchy and this interpretation has been repeatedly upheld in the
jurisprudence of the Holy See. The praxis of the Holy See is uniform that the temporal goods
follow the people to their new parish.
2. Consultation Required by the Bishop – Presbyteral Council
It is the competency of the eparchial bishop alone to erect, modify, and suppress parishes.
However, any such decision can only occur after the requisite consultation of the presbyteral
council (c. 280, §2). This consultation is a requirement for validity (c. 934, §2, 2°). However,
in order for this consent to have occurred, those whose consent is required must be provided
with all necessary information (c. 934, §3: cf. c. 1038, §1). Numerous members of the
presbyteral council requested more information and this consultation thus should not have
been considered as supplied.
Additionally, the calling of the meeting of the presbyteral council was not in line with the
panicular law of the Eparchy of Parma (no. 204.2) as there was no agenda supplied in advance.
This being a violation of the norms on convocation, consultation should be considered as
lacking (cc. 934, §1; 948, §1).
Finally, a review of the tone of the communications at the meeting will leave one asking
whether this consultation was genuine, that is, whether or not the counter arguments were
genuinely considered or whether it was made clear that a specific outcome was expected or
even predetermined. If the consultation was not genuine, it did not occur.
3. Lacking Consent of All Interested Parties
Unlike the CIC, the CCEO has the strict requirement of obtaining the consent of all interested
parties prior to “any kind of alienation” (c. 1039). The very fact parishioners from both the
Cathedral Parish of St John the Baptist as well as Holy Spirit are objecting to thi5 extinctive
union and the alienation of their goods from the juridic person of their parish to the juridic
person of Dorrnition Parish (as well as in the case of St John the Baptist, the juridic person of
the Eparchy), demonstrates that such consent has not been granted by these interested parties.
Alienation of these temporal goods should not occur as the requirements in law have not been
4. Lack of a Just Cause
The motivations provided for in the decree indicate the motivations as being three-fold: the
voice of [ some of] the faithful desiring a single parish capable of effectively supporting itself,
evangelization, providing beautiful liturgical services, and more effective sharing of resources.
It should be noted that the Cathedral parish is financially solvent and as your Excellency is
aware the property does provide for possibilities in generating revenue without closing the
parish church. With respect to evangelization, having more parishes of course is more
convenient and conducive to evangelization than having fewer parishes. With respect to
liturgical services, the Cathedral is well known for providing beautiful liturgical services, and
for example on Sunday March 14th its rector, the mitrophoric archpriest Fr Visnovsky,
emphasized at the Divine Liturgy how the faithful watch the many services of the Cathedral
parish from not only across the United States but also from Australia and Europe. Such
conditions are already present and thus do not motivate the merging of the parishes.
What thus remains as stated motivations is the financial redistribution of the goods of these
parishes to the wider eparchial mission. This is not a licit cause for the extinction of a parish.
Parishes are established with juridic personality in perpetuity for the fulfilment of their
canonical mission. As the jurisprudence of the Holy See has emphasized, parish closures are to
be exceptional and as a last option when dealing with problems facing the local church. While
the bishop is able to consider the needs of the eparchy as a whole in discerning his course of
action, the decision to close a parish must be considered for the good of that specific parish,
that is, ad rem. Generalized or eparchial motivations cannot justify the modification of a
specific parish. A valid motivation must be a specific good as it relates to the parish in question.
It thus seems that there is no just cause provided in the decree, contrary to the norms of canon
law. Indeed, there is little distinction offered in the decree between the circumstances facing
Holy Spirit Parish and those facing the Cathedral of St John the Baptist.
Your Excellency, the members of your faithful who seek this revocation do this with no joy.
They genuinely love not only their parish but also their eparchy and recognize that difficult
conversations need to occur regarding the future of the parishes in the Cleveland area.
However, such conversations require time, openness, and genuine conversion of all involved.
The Eastern Code has included the requirement of obtaining the consent of all involved in
order to alienate the goods belonging to these juridic persons. In the context of parishes, this
is not an easy task. At the same time, many eparchies across North America are able to engage
the faithful in conversations, many of which will take several years, in order to arrive at the
most suitable solution for the good of the faithful. These complex situations cannot be solved
I thank you for your hearing of this request and assure you of my prayers as you consider these
complex issues. Your Excellency, I remain,
Yours in Christ,
Rev. Alexander M. Laschuk PHD, JCD